Equitable Engagement

Learners voice ideas and perspectives freely and equitably, ensuring each individual is an active contributor to the community.

Tier 1: This Look For is one of seven that represents Quality First Instruction for all learners.


circle of four people with dialog boxes in the middle

Engage collaborative discussion to process, share, and receive feedback

Evidence of Learner Behaviors

  • Share openly through a pre-established protocol or process during a lesson experience

  • Receive feedback, from a peer or the learning facilitator, about sharing dialogue or participation

Questions to Ask Learners

  • What are ways you participate in this class?

two people talking

Encourage peers to share ideas, thoughts, and dialogue in group discussions as well as written work

Evidence of Learner Behaviors

  • Ask a classmate to share an idea with the whole class that they already shared with the group

  • Show how they use Google Docs or other tools to discuss and collaborate in written work

Questions to Ask Learners

  • How do you participate in group discussions?

  • How do your classmates participate in group discussions?

Scale of justice

Express a sense of fairness in how the learning facilitator interacts with all learners during instruction

Evidence of Learner Behaviors

  • Articulate a process their learning facilitator uses to call for responses from the class

  • Express that all learners have a chance to speak

Questions to Ask Learners

  • What ways does your learning facilitator ask for input during lessons and instruction?

  • How do learners get your learning facilitator's attention?


What a learner thinks, feels, or does leads to new knowledge, habits, and dispositions. When engagement is high, learners pay greater attention and demonstrate increased persistence. Enjoyment and/or success in one situation means they’re more likely to be engaged in other situations and while performing other tasks.


Engagement translates motivation into learning. Designing situations to maximize engagement for all learners increases the likelihood that learners will retain new knowledge and skills and they will be more likely to persist through challenging situations.

Educator Actions

Learning facilitators ensure learners are equitably participating in and contributing to the learning community.

CSTPs: 2.2, 2.6, 6.1

ribbon graphic


Use clear, transparent methods to engage all learners during instruction. This can be Kagan protocols for cooperative learning, online name generators that pull from the class list, or structured partners for peer review, discussion, and feedback.

The more all learners have a voice in the discussion and learning, the more empowered they will feel!


  • Facilitate activities that give each learner time and opportunity to engage (P/F)

  • Communicate the expectation that each learner is an active contributor to discussions and dialogue, realizing that “active” could come in many forms (e.g., verbal comments, written synthesis) (P/F)

  • Track and review participation data — both ahead of time and in the moment — to identify actively and passively disengaged learners and respond appropriately (P/F)

  • Have 1:1 conversations with actively and passively disengaged learners during learning time (F)

  • Circle back to learners when they are reluctant to engage with the community to understand the root cause of their disengagement and adjust strategies to ensure inclusive engagement for all types of learners (F)

  • Intervene when class dialogues are not distributed so that all members of the community are able to engage equally (F)

P = planned F = facilitated spontaneously